Indian agriculture remains predominantly rainfed, covering about 60% of the country’s net sown area which accounts for 40% of the total food production. Thus, conservation of natural resources in conjunction with development of rainfed agriculture holds the key to meet burgeoning demands for food grain in the country.
- A detailed soil survey generates detailed information on soil and land characteristics of the priority area.
- Study of soils involve morphological examination of soils in the field followed by analysis of soil samples in the soil laboratory and processing maps in the cartographic laboratory.
- Selected high priority sub watersheds are taken up for detailed soil survey to generate detailed data base on soils which are prerequisites for formulation of village level plan.
- The data generated out of soil survey could be interpreted to derive base information on the use potential of land or various utilitarian purposes.
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